Collection

Captives

Stanislaw Daczynski

  • Captives 2
Basic information
ID
Ж-3086
Author
Stanislaw Daczynski
Name
Captives
Date of creation
1884
Country
Austro-Hungarian Empire
Culture
Eastern Europe
Technique
oil painting
Material
canvas oil
Dimensions (height x width, cm)
335 x 171
Information about author
Author
Stanislaw Daczynski
Artist's lifetime
1856–1928
Biography
Stanisław Leopold Daczyński (04.02.1856, Wiśnicz, now Poland – after 1928, Kolomyia) – Polish painter, ceramist, art critic and public figure. Studied at the Krakow School of Fine Arts (1873–1878, teacher W. Łuszczkiewicz; 1881–1884, class of Jan Matejko). From 1885 he lived in Kolomyia. From 1888, teacher of drawing in Kolomyia School of Ceramics, where his sketches were used to produce tiles, vases and household items. He drew pictures on historical, religious, everyday life subjects, landscapes, portraits, and was engaged in monumental paintings and art. He restored the best works of ceramic school for regional exhibition in Lviv in 1894. He designed decorative vases, ornaments, and figures to decorate the facades of houses, particularly the People's House in Kolomyia. In 1900 he presented two gilded vases and other ceramic works at the World Exhibition in Paris, for which the Pottery School received a silver medal. Daczyński dedicated a significant part of his works to Ukrainian, particularly Hutsul themes, and to the nature of Pokuttia. In his portraits, one is amazed by the expression of still figures, and the unique peculiarity of people. He designed the monument to the Victims of Kosaczów at the military cemetery in Kolomyia (1922, reinforced concrete). He participated in art exhibitions in Lviv (1883–1921), Kolomyia (1896–1904).
Object description
A multi-figured, multiplanar composition. On the left, a Tatar ruler in a turban with a grey beard sits on a carpet under a canopy. Beside him sits a well-dressed warrior. In front of the canopy is a broken jewellery box, with broken dishes and various cold weapons lying a little further away. To the right in front of the box is an Arabic man on his knees, looking at the treasures. In the centre is a group of mounted Tartars, in front of them, are prisoners, among them women. One of the warriors wearing a cloak and a Mongolian hat with a pointy top is pointing at a young girl. Another warrior also holds her by the arm and at the same time with his right hand lifts a second half-naked woman from the ground. To the right, four women are sitting on the ground, two Tatars are trying to lift them off the ground. Behind them, a carriage filled with looted treasure can be seen. In the distance on the right can be seen the wagons of other Tatars. On the left are the walls of the fortress. Stanislaw Daczynski was very thorough in his choice of subject. The authenticity of the reproduced characters' costumes, weapons and horse armour is impressive.