Man and Women from Afragola in the Province of Terra di Lavoro in the Kingdom of Naples
Information about author
The work is from the Neapolitan series. The composition is known from the album Raccolta di 50 costumi li più interesanti delle città, terre e paesi in provincie diverse del Regno di Napoli (Collection of 50 most interesting picturesque costumes from cities, towns and villages of different provinces of the Kingdom of Naples) published in Rome in 1816. Before that, the engraving of the same name but in black and white and in a square frame was published in the album dated 1814. That composition by Pinelli replicated with some modifications the painted etching by the Roman artist Antonio Zaballi (1738–1785), which was performed after the painting by Alessandro d'Anni and published in Naples in 1792 – Raccolta di Varie vestiture che costumano nell Città Paesi in Provincie diverse del Regno di Napoli, edito a Napoli da Nicola Gervasi e Vincenzo Talani nel 1792. The "Lviv'' engraving is less detailed but it is more dynamic. A young woman approached a young man sitting on a stone. He is wearing a military uniform, namely a blue jacket, red pants, and white stockings. On his head there is a cocuzzolo cap; a hat worn over a cocuzzolo cap is lying on a stone nearby. The young man is leaning on the stick that he is holding in his left hand; with his other hand, he is trying to reach a woman, wanting to stop her. She is looking at him calmly, warming her hands in the muff. She is wearing a long dark blue skirt with a blue apron over it, and a red cap with gold ribbons. A chain with a cross is seen on her neck. The action is taking place on one of the hills. The low trees, mountain range and clouds in the sky serve as the background of the composition. Afragola is a city north of Naples, which was one of the most developed districts of the Campania region in the 18th and 19th centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century, it was the center of Camorra, the Neapolitan mafia.
In the lower left corner there is the author’s signature Pinelli written in italics, date – 1816, and the place of performance – Roma (illegibly). In the center of the engraving under the image there is the work’s title Uomo, e Donna del’ Afragola, Provincia di Terra di Lavoro nel Regno di Napoli. There is a number "33" in the upper right corner above the plate.