Portraits of Tymofii and Mykhailo Boichuk (?)

Mykhailo Boichuk

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Basic information
Mykhailo Boichuk
Portraits of Tymofii and Mykhailo Boichuk (?)
Date of creation
paper pencil
Dimensions (height x width, cm)
21.2 x 12.9
Information about author
Mykhailo Boichuk
Artist's lifetime
Mykhailo Boichuk was a Ukrainian muralist and representative of the Ukrainian cultural Renaissance of the early twentieth century. He was the founder of Boichukism, the original school of Ukrainian art, and leader of the group of Boichukists. His name is given to an artistic phenomenon that combined the forms of folk art and the heritage of Byzantium and Proto-Renaissance. The French called it Renovation Byzantine (Neo-Byzantism). In 1913, he became a member of the Shevchenko Scientific Society, and in 1917 – of the Ukrainian Scientific Society. Mykhailo Boichuk was born on October 30, 1882, in the village of Romanivka, near Terebovlia. He received an excellent artistic education thanks to the support of Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky. The painter studied in Lviv, Vienna, Krakow, and later in Munich and Paris. In 1909, he founded his own school where Mykola Kasperovych, Zofia Nalepinska, Zofia Baudouin de Courtenay, Helena Schramm and others studied. In 1911, he returned to Lviv where he worked as a fine art restorer and muralist at the National Museum (now the Andrey Sheptytsky National Museum in Lviv). In 1917, he became one of the founding professors of the Ukrainian State Academy of Arts where he headed the icon and fresco studio. In 1925, Mykhailo was one of the organizers of the Association of Revolutionary Art of Ukraine. The most significant works made together with students were paintings on modern themes in the Lutsk barracks in Kyiv in 1919, Sanatorium for Peasants on the coast of the Khadzhibey Estuary in Odesa between 1927 and 1928, and the Chervonozavodskyi Theater in Kharkiv between 1933 and 1935. All monumental paintings have not survived. On November 25, 1936, Mykhailo Boichuk was arrested and charged with Ukrainian bourgeois nationalism as well as being a leader of a national-fascist terrorist organization. The artist was shot, and most of his works were destroyed.
Object description
Tymko (Tymofii) Boichuk (1896–1922) was a Ukrainian painter, graphic artist, as well as the younger brother and student of Mykhailo Boichuk. At the age of sixteen, he came to Lviv to become an apprentice of his older brother Mykhailo. The lines of construction are clear and accurate. At the same time, they retain their smoothness and give the whole composition roundness. In general, Mykhailo Boichuk paid great attention to the line and its capacity, because in each work he sought to achieve completeness of content, using the most concise means and forms. There are two details that stand out in the portrait, namely the emphasized "folk" ruddy cheeks and the frowning eyebrows of the man. The sprout of the plant is depicted in the left hand of the portrayed man. The simplest actions in Boichuk's works acquire metaphysicality and timelessness. Boichuk often used plant elements in his other works, appealing to ancient ornamentalism. On the reverse side of the sheet, there is an image of a similar male figure; however, the man is older and depicted in a mirror image. The sprout of the plant is without leaves. It might be a self-portrait.
Portrayed person
The name of the person portrayed
Tymofii (Tymko) Boichuk
Lifetime of the person portrayed