Information about author
While studying at the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow between 1926 and 1932, as well as in Paris between 1929 and 1931, Leopold Levytskyi, a member of the Krakow Group (1932–1937), was influenced by the avant-garde artistic trends, which affected his later creative work. During his studies, the young artist became interested in left-wing avant-garde movements, especially their artistic expression in Futurism and Constructivism. In June 1932, he exhibited works of clearly anti-state and political content at the annual students reporting exhibition, which resulted in his expulsion from the Academy. The political situation and social issues were the main themes of the artist's works of the early period. Given that the artist depicted large social groups, ranging from the poor, underprivileged, and workers, to the representatives of the political elite, he focused on the psychological traits of the portrayed people to emphasize social contrasts.