Woman from the Village of Pietro Terrazzano and Gioncata (Milk Cheese) Seller

Bartolomeo Pinelli

  • Woman from the Village of Pietro Terrazzano and Gioncata (Milk Cheese) Seller 2
  • Woman from the Village of Pietro Terrazzano and Gioncata (Milk Cheese) Seller 3
Basic information
Bartolomeo Pinelli
Woman from the Village of Pietro Terrazzano and Gioncata (Milk Cheese) Seller
Date of creation
etching watercolor
Dimensions (height x width, cm)
10 x 16
Information about author
Bartolomeo Pinelli
Artist's lifetime
Bartolomeo Pinelli (1781, Rome – 1835, ibid.) was an Italian painter, engraver, and sculptor. He was the son of the ceramist G. B. Pinelli. Bartolomeo Pinelli was born in ​​the Trastevere district (over the River Tiber). Street sketches of that western suburb of Rome repeatedly appeared in his graphic works later. He studied in Bologna, later on – at Accademia di San Luca (Academy of Saint Luke) in Rome. He attended the Academy of Felice Giani, an Italian painter of the Neoclassic style, from whom he inherited the drawing style. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, Bartolomeo Pinelli took an interest in the engravings of the Renaissance, namely in the works by Marcantonio Raimondi, and started making etchings and lithographs out of his drawings. In 1809, Pinelli created his first series of watercolor etchings – Collection of 50 picturesque costumes (Raccola di cinquanta costumi pittoreschi). The album was reissued in 1814 and 1815. In 1816, a new version of the album under the title Nuova Raccolta di Cinquanta costumi pittoreschi incisi di acqua forte was released. Most of the Lviv engravings are from this series. The central theme of the artist's creative work is genre scenes (Costumi), which he saw in Rome, Naples, as well as the provinces of Abruzzo and Molise. Pinelli's engravings have not only artistic value but also carry important ethnographic information. In the 1820s and 1830s, the artist created drawings and engravings for poems by Torquato Tasso (1827–1829) and the novel “Don Quixote” (1834) by Miguel de Cervantes. One of Pinelli's famous series of drawings is Seven Hills of Rome (Sette colli di Roma) (1827–1830). The artist's works are housed in many Italian museums as well as in collections of other countries.
Object description
There are two versions of this composition by B. Pinelli dating back to 1809 and 1815–1816. In the first version, which the artist performed for the album Raccolta di cinquanta costumi pittoreschi (Collection of fifty picturesque costumes engraved in strong water), the child is depicted to the left of a woman sitting on a stone. In the second version, known from the album Nuova Raccolta di Cinquanta costumi pittoreschi, the child is depicted on the right. The Lviv version replicates the second composition. A woman is dressed in the national costume of the Abruzzo region, in particular in a blue jacket, a long burgundy skirt with an ornamented apron over it, a traditional headscarf, and light, blue shoes. She is leaning on a basket on a high boulder lying under a rocky slope. To the right of the woman, there is a child who is pointing at a traveler that is coming from the right. This is a young man, a seller of milk cheese (gioncata or giuncata), with a basket on a stick-lever over his shoulder and with a pot. The young man is dressed in a jacket, blue pants, with high ciocia on his feet. He has a dark hat on his head. In 1810, the album Nuova Raccolta di cinquanta motivi Pittoreschi, e Costumi di Roma with the works by Bartolomeo Pinelli was published in Rome; in the album, the gioncata seller was represented separately on page № 28. Gioncata, or giuncata is a traditional soft milk cheese that is drained as a liquid before consumption. The name comes from the basket made of cane (Italian: giunco), in which this cheese is formed.
In the lower right corner there is the author’s signature in italics – Pinelli, date – 1816, and the place of performance – Roma (illegibly). In the center of the engraving under the image there is the work’s title Donna del Paese di Pietra Terrazzana, e il Gioncataro. There is a number "24" in the upper right corner above the plate.