unknown (Workshop of Guido Reni)
Information about author
The painting depicts the image of "Mater Dolorosa," Our Lady of Sorrows, most likely created in Guido Reni's workshop. Around 1630, when the artist faced financial difficulties, his workshop focused on producing smaller-sized copies and replicas based on famous compositions. The artist frequently made similar representations of the Virgin Mary, and his workshop produced dozens of variations on this theme. The Virgin Mary is depicted with her arms crossed on her chest, and her gaze is directed to heaven. This pose symbolises her earthly suffering and mourning for Jesus Christ. The image of "Mater Dolorosa" has been popular since the 16th century, when the church advocated a more personalised approach to worship, giving great importance to individual prayer.