Woman from Latina in the Province of Terra di Lavoro in the Kingdom of Naples

Bartolomeo Pinelli

  • Woman from Latina in the Province of Terra di Lavoro in the Kingdom of Naples 2
  • Woman from Latina in the Province of Terra di Lavoro in the Kingdom of Naples 3
Basic information
Bartolomeo Pinelli
Woman from Latina in the Province of Terra di Lavoro in the Kingdom of Naples
Date of creation
etching watercolor
Dimensions (height x width, cm)
10 x 16
Information about author
Bartolomeo Pinelli
Artist's lifetime
Bartolomeo Pinelli (1781, Rome – 1835, ibid.) was an Italian painter, engraver, and sculptor. He was the son of the ceramist G. B. Pinelli. Bartolomeo Pinelli was born in ​​the Trastevere district (over the River Tiber). Street sketches of that western suburb of Rome repeatedly appeared in his graphic works later. He studied in Bologna, later on – at Accademia di San Luca (Academy of Saint Luke) in Rome. He attended the Academy of Felice Giani, an Italian painter of the Neoclassic style, from whom he inherited the drawing style. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, Bartolomeo Pinelli took an interest in the engravings of the Renaissance, namely in the works by Marcantonio Raimondi, and started making etchings and lithographs out of his drawings. In 1809, Pinelli created his first series of watercolor etchings – Collection of 50 picturesque costumes (Raccola di cinquanta costumi pittoreschi). The album was reissued in 1814 and 1815. In 1816, a new version of the album under the title Nuova Raccolta di Cinquanta costumi pittoreschi incisi di acqua forte was released. Most of the Lviv engravings are from this series. The central theme of the artist's creative work is genre scenes (Costumi), which he saw in Rome, Naples, as well as the provinces of Abruzzo and Molise. Pinelli's engravings have not only artistic value but also carry important ethnographic information. In the 1820s and 1830s, the artist created drawings and engravings for poems by Torquato Tasso (1827–1829) and the novel “Don Quixote” (1834) by Miguel de Cervantes. One of Pinelli's famous series of drawings is Seven Hills of Rome (Sette colli di Roma) (1827–1830). The artist's works are housed in many Italian museums as well as in collections of other countries.
Object description
The composition is known only in one version of 1816, which was issued in the album Raccolta di 50 costumi li più interessanti delle città, terre e paesi in provincie diverse del Regno di Napoli (Collection of 50 most interesting picturesque costumes from cities, towns and villages of different provinces of the Kingdom of Naples) published by Giovanni Scudellari in Rome in 1817. A woman with a basket over her shoulder and a stick in her hand is taking a pass in the Apennines. She is walking to the top of the mountain visible in the horizon. She is wearing a traditional for mountain people clothing – a long red skirt, a blue jacket, an apron tied around the waist, and a headscarf with long ribbons tied on her head. The traveler is accompanied by a white dog. In the title the author indicates the area of ​​Latina. It is probably the village of Lotino, which is hidden deep in the mountains on the border of the province of Terra di Lavoro. Nowadays such a province does not exist, as it was divided between Lazio and Campania after the establishment of the Kingdom of Italy (1861). The people's clothing is painted with bright colors, while the bushes and the background – with dimmed ones.
In the lower right corner there is the author’s signature – Pinelli f. [fecit] and date – 1816. In the center of the engraving under the image there is the work’s title Donna di Latina, della Provincia di Terra di Lavoro nel Regno di Napoli. There is an illegible number in the upper right corner above the image.