Figure Composition

Jacek Malczewski

  • Figure Composition 2
Basic information
Jacek Malczewski
Figure Composition
paper watercolor
Dimensions (height x width, cm)
17.7 x 27.3
Information about author
Jacek Malczewski
Artist's lifetime
Jacek Malczewski (July 14, 1854, Radom, Kingdom of Poland, Russian Empire – October 8, 1929, Krakow, Republic of Poland) was an outstanding artist and one of the most prominent representatives of Polish Symbolism. He studied at the School of Fine Arts in Krakow, where his teacher was Jan Matejko. The artist participated in an archeological expedition to Pamphylia, Pisidia, and Greece, which was organized by Count Karol Lanckoronski. He also visited Munich and Italy. Jacek Malczewski was one of the founders of the art union "Sztuka" ("Art"). The artist's creative heritage includes landscapes and portraiture, symbolic compositions, interpretations of religious themes, and numerous self-portraits in various images.
Object description
This is a sketch of a pile of bodies painted with conventional and dynamic lines. The bodies lie on the green grass under the fence, behind which the roofs of buildings are visible. An alarming cherry-colored sky is depicted above them. Between 1795 and 1918, the leading theme of the socio-political life of the Polish people was the struggle for national liberation from the Russian Empire (which then included Poland) and the restoration of statehood. In 1795, there was the last division of Poland, which divided the country between powerful neighboring states; Polish society responded with numerous uprisings, which, however, were unsuccessful. Jacek Malczewski was one of the artists who raised the issue of executed insurgents in his works.