Information about author
While studying at the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow between 1926 and 1932, as well as in Paris between 1929 and 1931, Leopold Levytskyi, a member of the Krakow Group (1932–1937), was influenced by the avant-garde artistic trends, which affected his later creative work. The artist's oeuvre is dominated by two figurative themes, namely an individual and a city. These two principles, the humanistic and the urban ones, are conceptually complementary and interdependent. The images of a man and a city accompanied the artist from the beginning of his career, namely from the 1930s. Modern artistic tendencies are clearly traced in his compositions of this time. The creative interest in avant-garde artistic methods, fascination with late Cubism and Expressionism, as well as active socio-political activities of the artist and his personal position determined the thematic range of images. Despite the dominant industrial-urban plot of the works, inspired by the fascination with the plasticity of Futurism and Cubo-Futurism, the image of a person was very important for the artist, as it is evident from his portraiture, full-length images, and genre painting. Social issues were the main theme of the artist's works of the early period. Given that the artist depicted large social groups, ranging from the poor, underprivileged, and workers, to the representatives of the political elite, he focused on the psychological traits of the portrayed people to emphasize social contrasts.