Collection

Nocturnal Grazing

Leopold Levytskyi

  • Nocturnal Grazing 2
Basic information
ID
Г-IV-2179
Author
Leopold Levytskyi
Name
Nocturnal Grazing
Date of creation
1971
Technique
printmaking lithography
Material
imprint on paper
Dimensions (height x width, cm)
19 x 30
Information about author
Author
Leopold Levytskyi
Artist's lifetime
1906–1973
Biography
Leopold Levytskyi is a Ukrainian graphic artist and painter. He is also a master of printmaking. The artist had a key role in forming modern Ukrainian graphic art. He was born in the village of Burdiakivtsi, Ternopil region. He studied in Paris in 1930–1931, and later at the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow (1931–1932). Levytskyi started his creative activity during his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow, where he evolved as an artist. The artistic environment of Krakow formed the artist’s worldview, system of ideals, and political beliefs, which determined the specifics of the painter's artistic thinking. He was the initiator and co-founder of the Krakow Group. In 1932, he organized an exhibition, which was closed due to its social orientation and sharp themes of works. The artist was imprisoned for three weeks and expelled from the Academy. In the 1930s, he was constantly watched by the police. From 1935, he lived in Chortkiv, Ternopil region, sometimes visiting exhibitions in Lviv, Krakow, and Stanyslaviv. In September 1939, he headed the City Council in Chortkiv, collaborated with the newspaper "New Life", and worked as a decorator at the House of Officers. During World War II, the artist together with his wife Eugenia Nadliar fled to Uzbekistan. In 1946, he settled in Lviv and joined the newly formed Union of Artists of the USSR; his graphic works created in Uzbekistan served as the grounds for his joining the union. The artist's work was undoubtedly influenced by the Lviv environment. In the 1960s, the artist developed a unique stylistic manner, which combined spontaneity and technical skills. The artist died working at his desk with a chisel in his hand on May 14, 1973. He was buried in Lviv, in Lychakiv Cemetery. During his life, Leopold Levytskyi did not have a single personal exhibition. The first one took place in Lviv (1974) a year after the artist's death.
Object description
Landscapes, represented mainly by Carpathian themes in Leopold Levytskyi’s oeuvre, take not the least place. The poetry of the Carpathians became a source of inspiration and individual creative pursuits for more than one generation of Lviv artists. During the thaw period, the study of folk culture became mainstream. Fascinated by works of folk art, artists not only saw a source of unconscious emotional perception of the world in it but also drew parallels with the ideas of formalism. In the last years of his life, Leopold Levytskyi created a series of paintings on Carpathian themes. Capturing a variety of local ethnographic material, the artist used both traditional figurative and stylistic techniques (within standard compositions), as well as created his own artistic and aesthetic specifics, using techniques of mosaic composition of various scenes.