Poultry Farm of the Collective Farm "Path to Communism"

Margit Selska

  • Poultry Farm of the Collective Farm "Path to Communism" 2
  • Poultry Farm of the Collective Farm "Path to Communism" 3
Basic information
Margit Selska
Poultry Farm of the Collective Farm "Path to Communism"
Date of creation
Eastern Europe
oil painting
cardboard oil
Dimensions (height x width, cm)
40.5 x 69.5
Information about author
Margit Selska
Artist's lifetime
Margit Selska (Reich) (1900, Kolomyia – 1980, Lviv). In 1918, the artist entered the private Free Academy of Art in Lviv, where she studied under the guidance of Feliks Wygrzywalski. In 1921, Margit Reich graduated from the State Industrial School in Lviv. Between 1921 and 1922, she studied painting at the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow with Wojciech Weiss and Wladyslaw Jarocki. From 1922 to 1923 she studied at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna (Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien). In 1924, the artist moved to Paris, where she frequented exhibitions of modernists and became interested in cinema and photography. In Paris, she attended the Académie Moderne, the art school founded by Fernand Léger and Amédée Ozenfant. In 1926, the artist took part in the exhibition of the Salon des Indépendants (Society of Independent Artists) in Paris, and the following year her first personal exhibition took place in Lviv. She was a member of the art association "Artes" (1929–1935), the Association of Independent Ukrainian Artists (1931–1939), the New Generation (1932–1935) and the Lviv Trade Union of Plastic Artists (1932–1939). During the Holocaust, Margit Selska was in the Yaniv concentration camp, from which she managed to escape to Krakow with the help of her friends. In 1943, the Selski couple returned to Lviv. In 1978, the artist presented her works at an exhibition in the Lviv Art Gallery for the first time after the war. Margit Selska is the author of numerous portraits, still lifes, and landscapes. Post-Impressionism, Cubism and Constructivism greatly influenced the artist's work. Her works have a unique colouristic and compositional solution, particularly her early work Hel (1932), Woman with a Cat (1960s), Crimea. Uiutne Village (1962), Carpathian Landscape (1965), Near the Sea (1964), Grape Harvest (1968), Old Ash Tree (1976) and others.
Object description
The foreground of the horizontal composition depicts a farmyard with poultry, on the left is a trough with a large number of geese at different angles. To the left is a female figure dressed in a white shawl, orange blouse and short dark skirt. On her left shoulder, she holds a carrying pole with two buckets. In the background on the right is a single-storey house with three doors open. In the third background in the centre of the composition are three stacks of straw. At the top on an orange background is a light orange circle of the sun. The composition is divided vertically into a series of stripes of different colours.
Signed on the back upper left with black pencil: "M.Selska / Poultry Farm K.A. 40,7x69 / k-p". Path to Communism "/ in Kotovsk near Odessa