Buttaro or Guardian of Campania
Information about author
This work is from the series Costumes of Central Italy in the Neapolitan album. The first watercolor engraving with such a name was performed by B. Pinelli in 1815 and issued in the album Nuova Raccolta di cinquanta Costumi Pittoreschi incisi all 'acquaforte da Bartolomeo Pinelli Romano, Nicola de Antoni impresse, Ignazio Pavon Offre e Dedica, Roma 1816. The first version differs from the "Lviv" version performed a year later by greater detailing in the depiction of figures and a fragment of an architectural building. The second version, similar to the "Lviv" one, was published in black and white in the album dated 1817. In the foreground, one can see a rider with a pointed wooden stick in his hand. A woman with a baby is standing next to him. She has just given the man something like a small square box. The rider and the woman made a goodbye eye contact. A man (buttaro) is going to protect his area – Campania – from bandits and vagrants. He is sitting on the blanket of a harnessed horse, putting his foot in a stirrup. The man is dressed in a blue jacket over a red vest, in blue trousers girded with a wide yellow belt; there is a wide-brimmed hat on his head and there are high boots on his feet. A woman is wearing a long pink skirt, blue vest; on her head there is a white headscarf. The baby in her arms is tightly swaddled. The rich range of colors of the clothing, namely red, blue, yellow and pink tones, highlight the images. The background with trees, mountains, and the sky is depicted in a dimmed blue and green range. Campania is an area in the mountainous region of the province of Salerno in the Campania region, which includes Naples.
In the lower right corner there is the author’s signature: Pinelli f [fecit]. In the center of the engraving under the image there is the work’s title Buttaro, o sia Guardiano di Campagna. There is a number "39" in the upper right corner above the plate.