Cerbara Costumes

Bartolomeo Pinelli

  • Cerbara Costumes 2
  • Cerbara Costumes 3
Basic information
Bartolomeo Pinelli
Cerbara Costumes
Date of creation
etching watercolor
Dimensions (height x width, cm)
10.2 x 16.2
Information about author
Bartolomeo Pinelli
Artist's lifetime
Bartolomeo Pinelli (1781, Rome – 1835, ibid.) was an Italian painter, engraver, and sculptor. He was a son of the ceramist J. B. Pinelli. Bartolomeo Pinelli was born in ​​Trastevere district (over the River Tiber). Street sketches of that western suburb of Rome repeatedly appeared in his graphic works later. He studied in Bologna, later on – at Accademia di San Luca (Academy of Saint Luke) in Rome. He attended the studio of Felice Giani, an Italian painter of the Neoclassic style, from whom he inherited the style of drawing. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, Bartolomeo Pinelli took an interest in the engravings of the Renaissance, namely in the works by Marcantonio Raimondi, and started making etchings and lithographs out of his drawings. In 1809, Pinelli created his first series of watercolor etchings – Collection of 50 picturesque costumes (Raccola di cinquanta costumi pittoreschi). The album was reissued in 1814 and 1815. In 1816, a new version of the album under the title Nuova Raccolta di Cinquanta costumi pittoreschi incisi di acqua forte was released. Most of Lviv's engravings are from this series. The main theme of the artist's creative work is genre scenes (Costumi), which he saw in Rome, Naples, as well as the provinces of Abruzzo and Molise. Pinelli's engravings have not only artistic value but also important ethnographic information. In the 1820s and 1830s, the artist created drawings and engravings for poems by Torquato Tasso (1827–1829) and the novel “Don Quixote” (1834) by Miguel de Cervantes. One of Pinelli's famous series of drawings is Seven Hills of Rome (Sette colli di Roma) (1827–1830). The artist's works are housed in many Italian museums as well as in collections of other countries.
Object description
The work is from the Roman series. The first version of the composition is known from the album Raccolta di cinquanta costumi pittoreschi... published in 1809. The second version of the composition in a slightly modified form is known from the album Costumi di Tivoli issued in 1815. In the first two versions, the author paid more attention to details in the image of figures and architectural fragments. The third version representing a black and white engraving was similar to the "Lviv" composition; it was issued in the album Nuova Raccolta di Cinquanta costumi pittoreschi (Collection of fifty picturesque costumes) published by Giovanni Scudellari in Rome in 1817. In 1826, Roman graphic artist Ferrari Filipo used the engraving by B. Pinelli for depicting the image of a woman from Cerbara. The "Lviv'' version belongs to the third simpler version. In the foreground, one can see four figures, namely two women, a child, and a young shepherd. One of the women is standing on the right, with a jar of water on her head and with her arms crossed over the chest; the other one is sitting on a rock on the left, she also has a jar of water; a small girl approached her willing to drink some water. The young man is sitting nearby, leaning on a stick and looking at a young mother and daughter. To the right of the stone reservoir, one can see a stream, which was depicted more detailed in the previous versions of the engraving. The women are dressed in bright national clothes. One woman is wearing a colorful yellow and blue dress with an ornamented apron and a long blue skirt; there is a white flattop headscarf on her head; on her feet, she has ciocie. Another woman is wearing the same headscarf, a dress, and a crimson skirt; the girl is dressed in a yellow skirt; the boy is wearing a blue jacket and red trousers; there is a hat on his head. The background with a mountain range, a fragment of the city and trees is presented in blurred blue and green tones. Cerbara is a place in the Marche region (formerly it was part of the Papal States), northeast of Rome.
In the lower right corner there is the author’s signature Pinelli written in italics, and date – 1816. In the center of the engraving under the image there is the work’s title Costume di Cerbara. There is a number "37" in the upper right corner above the plate.