• Scroll 2
  • Scroll 3
Basic information
Date of creation
19th c.
embroidery watercolor
silk paper Indian ink watercolor on silk
Dimensions (height x width, cm)
225 x 43.5
Information about author
Artist's lifetime
Мейндерт Гоббема – один із основних представників пейзажного живопису в Амстердамі другої половини XVII століття. У 1659-му році він познайомився з пейзажистом Якобом ван Руйсдаелем та розпочав у нього навчання, яке стало вирішальним у формуванні стилю митця. На початку кар’єри Гоббема наслідував манеру вчителя, однак згодом відійшов від похмурої атмосфери його робіт у бік яскравіших колірних рішень. Спеціалізацією художника стали лісові пейзажі, краєвиди з дорогами, ставками і водяними млинами.
Object description
The scroll represents the eternally young and beautiful Xi Wang Mu, goddess of immortality and fertility, with her immediate entourage. Above, on the clouds is a depiction of the Queen of the West and her companions, the jade divas. Holding various attributes, the immortal beauties appear to be performing a ritual dance with a slight bow in front of Xi Wang Mu, who is wearing aristocratic robes and with the obligatory tiara in her hair and is flying on a phoenix. Two girls each hold a pot of steaming food and stand opposite each other with multi-step lanterns on long handles. One of them, the one closer to the goddess holds a precious vessel with the nectar of immortality, while the other holds a bowl with three peaches in it. On either side of Xi Wang Mu are two girls in blue attire with fans in the shape of bird's wings. At the bottom of the scroll is Liu Hai, a Daoist immortal who became famous as a healer and god of wealth. He has long hair, a bald top, a red dot on his forehead and a broad smile. He is dressed in an expensive dressing gown, short red trousers tied under his knees, and a leafy skirt, but is barefoot and has a bare belly - a symbol of positivity. In his hands he holds a string with 9 coins strung on it, symbolizing infinite happiness. A bottle gourd, a symbol of health, is attached to his belt. The scroll is part of a set of 11 vertical scrolls that compose a single work depicting scenes from Chinese mythology, namely the journey of the Daoist Immortals to Xi Wang Mu.