Still Life

Mykola Hlushchenko

  • Still Life 2
Basic information
Mykola Hlushchenko
Still Life
Date of creation
oil painting monotype
paper oil
Dimensions (height x width, cm)
49 x 38.5
Information about author
Mykola Hlushchenko
Artist's lifetime
Mykola Hlushchenko (1901, Novomoskovsk, Dnipropetrovsk region – 1977, Kyiv) is one of the brightest figures of Ukrainian painting of the twentieth century. In 1918, he graduated from a commercial school in Yuzivka (now Donetsk), after which he was mobilized into the Volunteer Army of Anton Denikin. Together with the army, he retreated abroad and was interned in Poland. He managed to escape from the prisoner of war camps and reach Berlin. It was in this city that Hlushchenko began his art education. Pavlo Skoropadskyi, Volodymyr Vynnychenko, and Roman Smal-Stotskyi, the representatives of the Ukrainian emigration, noticed his abilities. They financially supported the young artist; it was thanks to their patronage that he was educated at the private art schools of Hans Baluschek and Arthur Kampf, and later at the Berlin Higher School of Fine Arts. In Germany, Hlushchenko joined the art association "Neue Sachlichkeit'' ("New Objectivity''). In 1925, the artist took part in the famous exhibition "Neue Sachlichkeit'' at the Mannheim Museum, where he exhibited his works alongside the works by Otto Dix and Gino Severini. In 1925, Hlushchenko moved to Paris, and it was at that point in time that he evolved as a mature artist. The artist immersed himself in the French painting tradition. There he opened his own art studio on Volunteer Street, 23, his works regularly appeared on the pages of authoritative publications, actively exhibited, as well as communicated with Louis Aragon, Elsa Triolet, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Pablo Picasso, and Henri Matisse. Moreover, it is known that since 1926, he worked for the Soviet intelligence under the pseudonym "Yarema". Over the years, he handed over to Moscow about 205 types of secret drawings of military equipment, including aircraft engines and fighters. Due to constant waiting on an arrest in 1934, Hlushchenko moved to Spain, where he was waiting for the permission to leave; in 1936, he was finally recalled to the USSR. In Moscow, the Hlushchenko family was given a room of 9 m2 in a communal apartment. From 1944, the artist and his family settled in Kyiv, which they dreamed of, immediately after the liberation of the city from the German occupation. There he eventually got a large art studio, the opportunity to teach at the Art Institute, and pay more attention to his creative work. Those years were full of travels abroad, personal exhibitions (the USA, Great Britain, Canada, Germany, and Japan), as well as pedagogical activities. During his life, Mykola Hlushchenko created more than 10,000 paintings, had 59 solo exhibitions, and about 110 group exhibitions in many countries (from the United States to Japan). His works are stored in numerous museums as well as in private collections in Ukraine and abroad. He is buried in Baikove Cemetery in Kyiv.
Object description
In the 1970s, Mykola Hlushchenko was fascinated by the technique of monotype, in which he created a number of floral still lifes.