Bartolomeo Pinelli

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Basic information
Bartolomeo Pinelli
Date of creation
etching watercolor
Dimensions (height x width, cm)
10 x 16
Information about author
Bartolomeo Pinelli
Artist's lifetime
Bartolomeo Pinelli (1781, Rome – 1835, ibid.) was an Italian painter, engraver, and sculptor. He was a son of the ceramist J. B. Pinelli. Bartolomeo Pinelli was born in ​​Trastevere district (over the River Tiber). Street sketches of that western suburb of Rome repeatedly appeared in his graphic works later. He studied in Bologna, later on – at Accademia di San Luca (Academy of Saint Luke) in Rome. He attended the studio of Felice Giani, an Italian painter of the Neoclassic style, from whom he inherited the style of drawing. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, Bartolomeo Pinelli took an interest in the engravings of the Renaissance, namely in the works by Marcantonio Raimondi, and started making etchings and lithographs out of his drawings. In 1809, Pinelli created his first series of watercolor etchings – Collection of 50 picturesque costumes (Raccola di cinquanta costumi pittoreschi). The album was reissued in 1814 and 1815. In 1816, a new version of the album under the title Nuova Raccolta di Cinquanta costumi pittoreschi incisi di acqua forte was released. Most of Lviv's engravings are from this series. The main theme of the artist's creative work is genre scenes (Costumi), which he saw in Rome, Naples, as well as the provinces of Abruzzo and Molise. Pinelli's engravings have not only artistic value but also important ethnographic information. In the 1820s and 1830s, the artist created drawings and engravings for poems by Torquato Tasso (1827–1829) and the novel “Don Quixote” (1834) by Miguel de Cervantes. One of Pinelli's famous series of drawings is Seven Hills of Rome (Sette colli di Roma) (1827–1830). The artist's works are housed in many Italian museums as well as in collections of other countries.
Object description
The composition is known in two variants. The first one is for the album Raccolta di cinquanta costumi pittoreschi (Collection of fifty picturesque costumes engraved in strong water) published in Rome in 1809, which depicts a group of people with a horse walking along a mountain path between boulders in the strong wind. The second version from the album Nuova Raccolta di Cinquanta costumi pittoreschi incisi di acqua forte published in Rome in 1815, which was replicated in 1817, is simpler – it depicts a family, a man with a child and a woman on a donkey, who are walking forward despite the strong wind. The Lviv composition dated 1816 is a simplified version of the second variant. The drawing is not as detailed as in the engraving from the album dated 1815. The author pays more attention to the color contrasts of the man’s blue cloak and the red skirt of a young woman sitting on a tired donkey. The woman is covering the headscarf with one hand; the other hand is on the basket. Their son, a plump and barefoot boy in short knee-length yellow pants, is hiding behind the dad. The action is taking place on the top of a mountain. Close to the characters, there is just a low tree bending down in the strong wind.
In the lower right corner there is the author’s signature Pinelli written in italics, date – 1816, and the place of performance – Roma (illegibly). In the center of the engraving under the image there is the work’s title Tira vento. There is a number "25" in the upper right corner above the plate.